What problems did Italy face after unification?

The real internal unity of the state did not immediately begin to be felt. Many, as before, recognized themselves as citizens of their former states, and not of a united Italy. The situation was complicated by the position of the pope, who did not recognize the transfer of Rome, into the hands of the Italian government and depriving him of secular power. He declared himself a “prisoner” and forbade the Catholics of Italy to participate in the political life of the country. Even more difficult was the “southern question”. The extremely backward South of Italy was a brake that for many years restrained its economic and political development. Another problem was the need to democratize society. The king retained many important powers: he led foreign policy and the army, determined the composition of the government. He not only convened and dissolved parliament, but also directly appointed part of the members of his upper house. Only 2% of the population enjoyed the right to vote in elections to the lower house because of the high property and educational qualifications.

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