In England and Holland, new types of agricultural implements were used: light plow, seeder, thresher. A gradual transition from three-field to various types of crop rotation (grass-sowing, fruit-change) began.
After the era of the great geographical discoveries, new field and garden crops (corn, pumpkin, sunflower, potatoes, tomatoes, beans, tobacco) began to be mastered in Europe.
Serfdom in Western Europe in the XIV-XV centuries. almost disappeared. Some of the peasants managed to buy their plots from the lords.
The transformation was slow because the level of agricultural production was still low.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.