What properties of sowing peas turned out to be the most significant for G. Mendel’s identification of the laws of inheritance of characters?

After returning to the monastery, Mendel decided to closely study the patterns of inheritance of characters. As an object for experiments, he chose seed peas. Since this self-pollinating plant practically excluded the possibility of transfer of pollen from neighboring individuals, which made it possible to artificially cross varieties and obtain hybrids. By this time, many varieties of peas were known, differing in one, two, three or more traits, and the plant itself was quite easily grown and produced numerous offspring. A large number of descendants ensured the possibility of obtaining a statistically reliable result. Mendel identified seven of the most striking signs: the color and shape of the seeds, the color and shape of the fruit, the height of the stem, the color and arrangement of flowers on the stem.

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