The military predominance of France for a long time determined the international position in Europe. It became the basis of French victories in a long series of wars between France and Europe, which lasted until 1815 and represented the struggle of the French bourgeoisie for European and world hegemony.
Thermidorian coup is a coup that took place on July 27, 1794 (9 Thermidor II year according to the republican calendar) in France and became one of the key events of the Great French Revolution. It led to the arrest and execution of Maximilian Robespierre and his supporters, put an end to the era of revolutionary terror, and at the same time, revolutionary transformations, and opened the period of Thermidorian reaction. The event itself was defined by the participants and winners as the “Revolution of 9 Thermidor” or “the uprising of 9 Thermidor”. Later in the historiography of the revolution, definitions of the events of 9 Thermidor as a “coup d’etat” appeared.
From the beginning of 1795, the disintegration of the anti-French coalition began, with which the events in Poland were closely connected. In the spring of 1794, the uprising of the Poles began under the leadership of Kosciuszko. The Russian tsarist army was put forward against the Poles, which entered Poland and took Warsaw by storm. The Prussian king, fearing that Catherine II might take possession of the last remnants of Poland alone, also moved his troops to Warsaw and Krakow, and the Austrians occupied Lublin. To avoid war with Prussia, Catherine II was again forced to agree to the partition of Poland.
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