What role did the Indian National Congress play in the Indian anti-colonial struggle?

What role did the Indian National Congress play in the Indian anti-colonial struggle? In general, what do you think are the advantages of an organized protest in comparison with a spontaneous one based on outbursts of emotions?

In the 80s of the XIX century, the socio-political situation in India and around it in the British ruling circles raised the question of creating a political organization of Indian patriots. The Liberal Viceroy of India Lord Ripon (1880-1884) supported the initiative of a group of Indian public figures in this matter. In his memorandum, he called for a top-down political transformation in India within a constitutional framework. In the resolutions of the forum of Indian patriots, the main requirements of the congressists to the British government and parliament were formulated; the liquidation of the current Council for Indian Affairs in London, the expansion of the Central Legislative Council operating in India under the Viceroy at the expense of the Indians, the need to carry out the same innovations in the provincial councils. Such partially elected bodies should be entitled to submit inquiries and protests to the British House of Commons, where a standing committee should be formed to deal with India’s problems.

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