What role did the inventions and discoveries they made play in the life of primitive people? (Reference words: fire, dwellings, clothing, bows and arrows, agriculture and cattle breeding, pottery, weaving, metals.)
The invention of new tools and the discovery of new ways of processing food, materials and metals played a huge role in the evolution of man and the development of society. So, when a person learned to save, and later to produce fire, the quality of his life and nutrition significantly improved. The dwellings were now heated by fire, and food was prepared on the fire. With the invention of the bow and arrow, man was able to hunt small and fast animals, as well as to hunt from afar, while in hiding. This significantly increased the amount of meat and hides produced. The invention of spinning and weaving technologies allowed a person to change clothes from skins to comfortable clothes made of fabric.
The beginning of agriculture, cattle breeding, pottery and Metalworking led to drastic changes in the way of human life and a consistent departure from the appropriating economy. The transition to a productive economy was in turn an impetus for the further development of tools and a change in the structure of society:
1) from the members of the tribal community, those who manage the community – elders and leaders-are distinguished. The elders manage joint work, control the exchange of products, and monitor the observance of established orders and traditions. Leaders organize protection from enemies and lead military campaigns.
2) social inequality Appears. With the emergence of surplus food and the development of barter, stocks are accumulated in the hands of heads of families, elders, and chiefs and passed on by inheritance.
3) the exploitation of other people’s labor Appears. Prisoners and slaves work instead of their owners, rich people.
4) neighboring communities (tribes) are Formed, in which several clans live on the same territory.
5) Communities are United under the authority of the Supreme chief and the Council of elders.
6) ethnic groups (nationalities) Begin to form.