What stages of growth and development do a person, dog, cow, spruce and dandelion go through?

What stages of growth and development do a person, dog, cow, spruce and dandelion go through? Why can’t they be reduced only to growth – increase in size?

Stages of growth and development of humans, dogs, cows: intrauterine (formation of the embryo and development of the fetus), postnatal: childhood, youth, maturity and old age. Stages of development of both spruce and dandelion: pollination, fertilization, seed and fruit formation, seedling, youth, maturity and old age.
These processes cannot be reduced only to an increase in size, because during the course of life, organisms undergo many external and internal changes (the formation of certain traits, behavior, habits, character, etc.).

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.