What stages stand out in the history of the Roman Empire? Give them a characterization

Period Main events and characteristics of the period Key figures
753 – 509 BC.

Period of the kings

753 BC – the foundation of Rome; unification of lands under the rule of Rome; the expulsion of the last king Tarquinius Superbus in 509 g to BC Romulus and Titus Tatius Numa Pompilius , Tullus Hostilius , Ancus Marcius , Tarquinius the Ancient, Servius Tullius (d.534), Tarquinius the Proud
509 – ’31 to BC

Republic period

Establishment of the republic; the introduction of the institution of tribunes of the people; the introduction of written laws;

War with Pyrrhus; the Punic Wars; final victory over Carthage;

Agrarian reforms of Gracchus ; Sulla’s dictatorship;

Pompey’s rise to power; the uprising of Spartacus; the conspiracy of Catiline;

First triumviate : Pompey, Caesar, Crassus;

Caesar conquers Gaul and Britain; civil wars;

Second triumviate Octavian , Mark Antony, Lepidus Octavian’s victory over Antony and Cleopatra (31)

Publius Cornelius , Hannibal, Mark. Servings Cato , G ay Marius, Lucius , Cornelius Sulla, Gaius Julius Caesar, Octavian , Mark Antony, Polybius , Lucretius, Catullus, Sallust Gaius Crispus , Cicero
31 BC – 476 AD

Empire period

Territorial conquests and political intrigues, the spread of Christianity, the declaration of Christianity as the state religion, the transfer of the capital to Byzantium (Constantinople) in 330, the division of the empire in 337, the overthrow of the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire Octavian Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Nero, Diocletian (284-305) Constantine the Great (306-337),

Ovid, Plutarch, Juvenal, Tacitus, Suetonius , Tertullian


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