What substances are used as carriers for enzymes? What industries use immobilized enzymes?

What substances are used as carriers for enzymes? What industries use immobilized enzymes? What foods are obtained with immobilized enzymes?

Most often, natural polymers such as cellulose, dextran and agar are used to immobilize enzymes.
In biotechnology, synthetic polymer carriers are also used, for example, obtained on the basis of styrene, acrylic acid, polyvinyl alcohol. As inorganic carriers for immobilizing enzymes, materials from glass, clay, ceramics, and silica gel are used.
The combination of the unique catalytic properties of enzymes with the advantages of their immobilization made it possible to create new industrial processes in biotechnology. Most of them are used in the food industry – for example, in the production of glucose-fructose syrups, obtaining diet-free lactose milk, sugar from whey, aspartic, acetic, malic acids, etc.

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