What was the reason for the different speed of the industrial revolution in different countries of Europe and the USA?

The different speed of the industrial revolution in different countries was connected with the peculiarities of the socio-economic development of the territories, as well as with the level of political status – in some countries it was necessary to improve democratization through reforms as in England, but most of Europe was shocked by revolutions.

Region (country) Agrarian background of the industrial revolution Its features
France and Western Europe The destruction of the seignorial system as a result of the French Revolution; small peasant farms were characterized by poor marketability and new methods of farming were not introduced in them. Significant state support (customs protectionism policy, participation of state capital in industrial production)
Russia and Eastern Europe Reform of the abolition of serfdom; large landowners managed to adapt to new conditions and become profitable
Northern US and Canada The emergence of farms based on private ownership of land
Southern US and Latin America The existence of profitable large estates (plantations and latifundia) using slave labor, focused on the export of agricultural products
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