What was the role of the various strata of French society (proletariat, bourgeoisie, peasantry) in the 1848 revolution?

The bourgeoisie and other owners, including the peasants, frightened by the uprising, hoped for protection from the “strong hand”. The Republicans achieved the creation of the post of president of the state, which was endowed with very broad powers and was supposed to ensure order and law in the country. Based on the American experience, the Republicans believed that France needed its Zhdodzha Washington, in the role of which they saw General Cavaignac. But, as the elections showed, ordinary French thought differently. In December 1848, on the basis of universal suffrage, a popular election for the President of the French Republic was held. It was Napoleon’s nephew, 40-year-old Prince Louis Bonaparte (1808-1873). He was supported mainly by peasants, workers, urban lower classes and part of the petty bourgeoisie. They hoped that the President would revive the country’s former greatness and be as attentive to the needs of the common French as his famous uncle.

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