What were the results of the parliamentary reforms in England? Is it possible to call the political system of England at the end of the nineteenth century democratic
The reform significantly expanded the electoral corps, clearly defined the territorial units that elected deputies to the House of Commons, but when summing up the voting results, the majority electoral system was retained, according to which the candidate who received a relative majority of votes in the District compared to other candidates was considered elected. The preservation of property and gender electoral qualifications, the right to several electoral votes for owners of real estate in various districts, the complicated procedure for registering voters, the lack of remuneration for deputy work put the poorest strata of the population and its wealthy part in an unequal position and were serious shortcomings of the new electoral system in England. Along with the expansion of the franchise, a certain democratization of British political life takes place. The trade unions of workers – trade unions in English – oppressed and persecuted, seek legal existence (1871). Through systematic peaceful agitation, through their role as a mediator in conflicts between workers and employers, the trade unions persuaded parliament to abolish imprisonment for violation of the employment contract (1875).
Under the old law, which was called “master and employee,” a worker who left his job before the deadline was imprisoned for three months. At the same time, the owner was present in the court as a “witness”, the worker was not allowed at all. Campaigning aimed at raising wages became possible: criminal penalties for organizing strikes were abolished.
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