When was the Republic of Rome established? Who took part in the elections for the main government bodies in Rome?

When was the Republic of Rome established? Who took part in the elections for the main government bodies in Rome? Where did the elections take place? What were the authorities in Rome called?

In 509 BC. e. in Rome, a new form of government was established, which was called a republic. Every year, citizens of Rome gathered on the Champ de Mars outside the city wall to participate in the elections of two consuls who ruled for 1 year. Both a rich and a poor citizen could become a consul. In turn, the consuls were the chairpersons of the People’s Assembly – the main body of power in the state. In Rome, the Senate had tremendous power. He was in charge of the treasury, negotiated with other states, and developed plans for warfare. Even in the Roman Republic, there were tribunes of the people who expressed the interests of the plebeians. They could come to meetings of the Senate and veto any of his decisions. Such a system of government took shape in the Roman Republic.

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