Where and how much higher the Sun rises above the horizon on June 22 – in Quito (Ecuador, 79 ° west longitude, latitude 0 °) or in Sochi (Russia, 40 ° east longitude 44 ° north)
The highest of all the Sun rises at the moment of the upper climax, when it crosses the celestial meridian. Moreover, in Sochi, the Sun will be south of the zenith, and in Quito – to the north. Let us determine the height of the Sun in Sochi and Quito: hc = 90 ° –φ + ε = 90 ° –44 ° + 23.5 ° = 69.5 °; hc = 90 ° –ε = 90 ° –23.5 ° = 66.5 °, where ε = 23.5 ° is the angle of inclination of the ecliptic to the celestial equator. hс – hк = 3 °. Thus, the Sun will rise above the horizon by 3 ° in Sochi.
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