Why are cell and genetic engineering methods considered promising in breeding and biotechnology?

Cell engineering is based on the cultivation of individual cells or tissues in artificial nutrient media. Such cell cultures are used for the synthesis of valuable substances, the production of uninfected planting material, and the production of cell hybrids. The method of cell hybridization is becoming increasingly important in breeding. It turned out that if you take cells of different organs and tissues or cells of different organisms, combine them using special techniques developed by scientists into one, then a new, hybrid cell will be formed. The properties of this hybrid cell are significantly different from the properties of the parent cells. In this way, you can get cells that secrete the necessary drugs for humans.
Genetic engineering is the targeted transfer of the necessary genes from one type of living organism to another, often very distant in origin. This, according to scientists, is a promising direction, which in the near future will allow a person to purposefully improve the hereditary qualities of organisms, to receive an unlimited amount of valuable biologically active substances. At the same time, many scientists have expressed concern that uncontrolled work in the field of genetic engineering could lead to the creation of organisms that are dangerous to humans.

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