Why can auroras be observed more often near the poles of the Earth?

Aurora Borealis is a natural phenomenon in which a bright glow occurs in the sky. The aurora borealis are caused by solar activity and the earth’s magnetic field. Our planet, like a magnet, has two poles: north and south. Electric charges are constantly moving from the north to the south pole. The sun is a star made up of particles of hydrogen and helium. Explosions occur periodically on the surface of the Sun. At this moment, a large number of charged particles rush to our planet. After two days, they reach our planet. The magnetic field captures these particles and carries them to the poles. There they collide with the atoms of the Earth’s atmosphere. Due to their interaction with particles of rarefied gases of the atmosphere, a glow occurs.

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