In England, the legislative power was in the hands of a bicameral parliament, the executive power was in the government appointed by the king, but the cabinet was responsible not to the king, but to parliament (if the party lost its majority in parliament, the government resigned). With the Tories and Whigs competing for power, public opinion had to be treasured.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.