Why do the molecules of gases that make up the atmosphere, moving in all directions, do not leave the Earth?

In order for the molecules of gases that make up the atmosphere to leave the Earth, they need to have a very high speed (at least 11.2 km / s) – this is the so-called second cosmic velocity. The speed of most molecules of the Earth’s air envelope is much lower than this speed, so they are “tied” to the earth.

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