Why in European history during the 1800-1870s. were protest movements and revolutions frequent? Why did not protest movements in England develop into revolutions?
Napoleonic transformations destroyed the traditional society and contributed to the development of the industrial society. Further development of European history has shown that the crisis of traditional society is irreversible. During the Bourbon Restoration in France, the industrial revolution continued to develop, industrial centers and urban populations grew, and the number of the industrial bourgeoisie and hired workers increased. An attempt to return to old traditions ended in a revolutionary outburst in 1830. After the collapse of the Bourbon monarchy, power finally passed into the hands of the bourgeoisie, many of the obstacles that stood in the way of modernizing society were removed.
England, in contrast to continental Europe, did not know revolutionary upheavals, its development proceeded in an evolutionary way. It became the first European country where contradictions were resolved through parliamentary reforms, while the goal of the labor movement was the struggle to improve the existing system. The experience of Great Britain has shown that the conservative idea, which means the combination of old values with the perception of innovation, turned out to be capable of development. In the middle of the century, England firmly holds the industrial primacy, the success of the development of industrial society in this country is most obvious.
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