Why the revolution in China turned out to be attractive to the masses. Why didn’t the possessing strata of society take an active part in it?

Closely associated with feudal land ownership, the bourgeoisie could not fight feudalism consistently and decisively. The elite of the national bourgeoisie represented the social base of Chinese liberalism. The petty bourgeoisie, to an even greater extent than the national, experienced oppression from the Manchu authorities and foreign capital. But it was even weaker economically and politically than the national bourgeoisie, and could not lead the struggle of the broad masses of the people and lead them to victory. The peasantry, which made up the majority of China’s population, was brutally exploited. Chinese landlords monopolized land. Landless and land-poor peasants were forced to rent land from them on enslaving terms. The position of tenants, etc. semi-tenants was extremely difficult. The rent reached 70% of the harvest. The landowners arbitrarily repaired the trial and reprisals against the peasants. Landlord exploitation was supplemented and aggravated by usurious bondage.

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