Why was Bolivar so convinced of the support of “thousands of courageous patriots.” What prevented him from receiving such support at this stage?
By the end of the summer of 1813 the patriots had mastered the main suit of Venezuela. Independence was restored, Bolivar was declared a dictator. But the Spaniards managed to win over the Indians and Negro slaves to their side. In the summer of 1814, the Venezuelan Republic fell. Bolivar with the remnants of his troops retreated to New Granada.
By that time, in Europe, the Napoleonic army was defeated. In March 1814, King Ferdinand VII returned to Spain from French captivity, and a year later numerous Spanish troops arrived in Latin America, having just passed the school of the Napoleonic wars. They defeated the scattered patriotic detachments. By May 1816, New Granada was also subordinated to them. An equally important reason for the defeat of the patriots of Venezuela and New Granada was also that they could not rouse the broad masses of the population to fight.
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