After sunset, a bright star-shaped luminary appeared over the eastern horizon. What could it be?

A “bright star-shaped luminary” can be any of the planets, superior in brightness to the star. However, since the star was above the eastern horizon, the planet can only be external. Of the outer planets, only Mars (near opposition) or Jupiter can be brighter than all the stars in the night sky.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.