Author: bystudin

Primary successions

Primary succession is overgrowing of a place that was not previously occupied by vegetation. Primary successions begin where soil is absent. In nature, primary successions are relatively rare
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Ecological succession

Any biocenosis depends on its biotope, and, accordingly, the biotope is influenced by the biocenosis. Since climatic, geological and biotic factors are subject to change, the community inevitably
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Trophic levels in biology

Different species occupy different positions in the food chain, creating the trophic structure of communities. Consistently feeding on each other, living organisms form links in the food chain,
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