Fill in the table “External wars of Athens (before the Macedonian conquest) and Rome (during the heyday of the republic, empire)”

Fill in the table “External wars of Athens (before the Macedonian conquest) and Rome (during the heyday of the republic, empire)”. Columns of the table: country (Athens, Roman Republic, Roman Empire), goal (defense of the territory, expansion of the territory), method of recruiting troops, tactics, weapons.

A country Goal Method of recruiting troops Features of tactics Weapon
Athens The protection of the territory From citizens polises’ Using the advantages of the terrain and knowing how to fight the enemy. The phalanx was used. Helmet, greaves, spear, shield. Screening.
Roman Republic The protection of the territory, expansion territories From citizens of Rome. They used a special system-the”turtle”. Gladiuses (short swords), gastis (long swords), javelins. Leather shirt, chain mail.
Roman empire Expanding the territory Mercenary army. Cohort tactics- Plate armor, helmet, sword, dagger.
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