Fill in the table “External wars of Athens (before the Macedonian conquest) and Rome (during the heyday of the republic, empire)”. Columns of the table: country (Athens, Roman Republic, Roman Empire), goal (defense of the territory, expansion of the territory), method of recruiting troops, tactics, weapons.
||Method of recruiting troops
||Features of tactics
||The protection of the territory
||From citizens polises’
||Using the advantages of the terrain and knowing how to fight the enemy. The phalanx was used.
||Helmet, greaves, spear, shield. Screening.
||The protection of the territory, expansion territories
||From citizens of Rome.
||They used a special system-the”turtle”.
||Gladiuses (short swords), gastis (long swords), javelins. Leather shirt, chain mail.
||Expanding the territory
||Plate armor, helmet, sword, dagger.
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