Human races are large historically formed groups of people into which the species Homo sapiens is subdivided.
- The commonality of all races and their belonging to the same species prove the facts of the birth of viable offspring in marriages between people of different races.
- The differences between the races were formed more than 30 thousand years ago, which was associated with the settlement of people in different geographic areas. Racial characteristics were adaptive to the conditions of the natural environment.
Most anthropological scientists distinguish three large races (see figure):
b) negroid-australoid (equatorial).
Races can be identified by the structure of the facial part of the skull, skin color, and other features.
So, people of the Mongoloid race are distinguished by a yellowish skin color, black straight hair, narrow eyes and pronounced cheekbones.
People of the Negroid-Australoid race have a dark skin color, coarse and curly hair, dark eyes, and a wide nose.
People of the Caucasian race have fair skin, light brown hair, light eyes, and a narrow nose.
Representatives of different races have their own external and physiological characteristics.
Moreover, they have the same level of development of biological and mental processes that are characteristic of the species Homo sapiens. However, in the historical past, when the representatives of the Caucasian race saw the greatest progress in the development of culture, science and technology, there was a prejudice against people of other races, the idea of the superiority of one race over others – racism.