How did the Romans keep track of the years? For what merits was Octavian named Augustus?

The years were counted by consuls. Augustus Octavian was named for the end of the civil war, the transfer of the state to the Senate and the Roman people.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.