How does a semiconductor photocell work?

As a result of the internal photoelectric effect, the number of free electrons and holes in the semiconductor increases. When an electron and a hole in a hole semiconductor approach the p – n junction, then under the action of the contact electric field of the p – n junction, the electron is transferred to the electronic semiconductor, and the hole is thrown into the layer of the hole semiconductor. Due to this separation of hole – electron pairs, the layer of the electronic semiconductor acquires a negative charge, and the layer of the hole semiconductor acquires a positive charge, i.e., a potential difference is formed between the layers.

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