How to stabilize an artificial satellite: a) relative to the stars; b) relative to the Earth; c) relative to the direction of movement?

a) For stabilization relative to the stars, the satellite must be given rotation about the axis of symmetry, while, according to the law of conservation of angular momentum, the axis of rotation will keep its position in space unchanged; b) to stabilize the satellite relative to the Earth, it is twisted around an axis perpendicular to the radius of the planet, with a period equal to the period of revolution; c) aerodynamic stabilization occurs through the action of the atmosphere on the stabilizer with sail; the satellite axis is directed along the orbital velocity vector.

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