What chemical element is responsible for the color and name of Mars?

The red color of the surface of Mars is determined by the high content of iron in its soil (12 – 14%). The red color of the planet in ancient times was associated with the color of blood, and therefore the planet was named after the god of war Mars (Ares – among the Greeks). The color of the blood is determined by the presence of hemoglobin, which also contains iron.

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