What is the role of biological and social factors in anthropogenesis?

In anthropogenesis, an important role belongs not only to biological factors (variability, heredity, selection), but also to social (speech, accumulated work experience and social behavior). Human characteristics caused by social factors are not fixed genetically and are not inherited, but in the process of education and training. In the early stages of evolution, selection for greater adaptability to rapidly changing circumstances was crucial. However, subsequently, the ability to pass on genetic acquisitions in the form of a variety of scientific, technical and cultural information from generation to generation began to play an increasingly important role, freeing people from tight control of natural selection. Social patterns have gained great importance in human evolution. The winners in the struggle for existence were not necessarily the strongest, but those who kept the weak: children – the future of the population, old people – keepers of information about ways to survive. The victory of populations in the struggle for existence was ensured not only by force and reason, but also by the ability to sacrifice themselves in the name of the tribe. Man is a social being whose hallmark is consciousness formed on the basis of collective labor.
In the evolution of intelligent humans, social relations play an increasing role. For modern people, social and labor relations have become the leading and determining ones. This is the qualitative peculiarity of human evolution.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.