What testifies in favor of the point of view according to which, despite the presence of many local conflicts, regional and ideological contradictions between countries, the main problem of world politics is the survival of mankind as a single civilizational community?
The main subject of international relations are sovereign states (there are more than 200 of them), implementing their foreign policy. They differ in their territory, population, economic potential, military power, and resources. The consequence of this inequality is the division of states into superpowers, great states, medium, small. The subjects of international relations also include interstate associations (NATO, EU), international organizations (UN), as well as non-governmental organizations (for example, the World Health Organization). The results of the interaction of subjects of international relations are all political, economic, ideological, cultural, military processes and events in the world arena that may affect the interests of two, several or all states of the world, international and intergovernmental organizations. Therefore, international relations between their subjects are built on a bilateral or multilateral basis, are global or regional.