Why is the decoding of the genetic code one of the most important scientific discoveries of our time?

The decoding of the genetic code, that is, the definition of the “meaning” of each codon and the rules by which the genetic information is read, is considered one of the most striking achievements of molecular biology.
It is proved that the code is universal for the living. The discovery and decoding of the code can help find ways to treat various chromosomal, genomic diseases, to study the mechanism of metabolic processes at the cellular and molecular level.
A huge amount of experimental data is rapidly accumulating. A new stage in the study of DNA has begun. Molecular biology has turned to much more complex supramolecular and cellular systems. It turned out to be possible to approach the problems associated with the molecular genetics of eukaryotes, with the phenomena of ontogenesis.

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