Why is the eastern hemisphere of the Earth colder than the western, and the south is colder than the northern?

In the eastern hemisphere of the Earth continents prevail, and in the western – oceans, which, due to the high heat capacity of water, are heat accumulators. The Arctic Ocean also gives off heat to the atmosphere of the northern hemisphere during the winter. In the southern hemisphere, Antarctica serves as a permanent cooler. An additional factor contributing to the cooling of the southern hemisphere is the shorter duration of the spring-summer season (177d) there, which is associated with the ellipticity of the earth’s orbit and the inclination of the planet’s rotation axis to the orbital plane.

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